In a recent issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a group of physicians, assisted by a lawyer and a philosopher, defend physician assisted suicide. Principles Before addressing the ethical arguments in the article itself, let us be clear about the subject matter. Usually, physician assisted suicide implies that a physician provides the material needed for the suicide to be carried out by the patient. For example, lethal doses of medication may be supplied which enable a person to kill herself or himself.
Suicide terminology Suicide, from Latin suicidium, is "the act of taking one's own life". A special case of this is extended suicide, where the murder is motivated by seeing the murdered persons as an extension of their self.
The prosuicidal effects of benzodiazepines are suspected to be due to a psychiatric disturbance caused by side effects or withdrawal symptoms. Among people with more than one medical condition the frequency was particularly high. In Japan, health problems are listed as the primary justification for suicide.
In some instances the sleep disturbances may be a risk factor independent of depression.
This may occur if the person dying by suicide cannot have more children and takes resources away from relatives by staying alive.
An objection is that deaths by healthy adolescents likely does not increase inclusive fitness. Adaptation to a very different ancestral environment may be maladaptive in the current one.
Some admirers of the story were triggered into copycat suicideknown as the Werther effect.
The media, including the Internet, plays an important role. The term is based upon a character in Mozart 's opera The Magic Flute —fearing the loss of a loved one, he had planned to kill himself until his friends helped him out.
Suicide methods The leading method of suicide varies among countries.
The leading methods in different regions include hangingpesticide poisoningand firearms. This is partly based on evidence of increased levels of 5-HT2A receptors found after death.
Suicide prevention As a suicide prevention initiative, this sign promotes a special telephone available on the Golden Gate Bridge that connects to a crisis hotline. A suicide prevention fence on a bridge Suicide prevention is a term used for the collective efforts to reduce the incidence of suicide through preventative measures.
Reducing access to certain methods, such as firearms or toxins such as opioids can reduce risk. Psychometric tests such as the Beck Depression Inventory or the Geriatric Depression Scale for older people are being used. Antidepressants and suicide risk In those with mental health problems a number of treatments may reduce the risk of suicide.
Those who are actively suicidal may be admitted to psychiatric care either voluntarily or involuntarily.It is often difficult to judge someone until you have walked a mile in their shoes.
As such, one of the most challenging situations imaginable would be for someone in optimal health to counsel the terminally ill as to the proper response to legal physician-assisted suicide.
In this contentious. Essay Physician Assisted Suicide: An Issue. Barlow April 16, Physician Assisted Suicide Assisted suicide is an issue that has constantly been debated throughout the world for many years.
Terminally ill people who go through unbearable suffering decide to end their lives by asking help from their physicians.
INDIRECT SUICIDE Brian L. Mishara MURDER-SUICIDE Marc S. Daigle PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE Robert Kastenbaum RATIONAL SUICIDE Brian L. Mishara SUICIDE . Should physician-assisted suicide be an option for patients with terminal illness? Our latest Clinical Decisions presents viewpoints on both sides of the debate.
Read the arguments, make your. Physician Assisted Suicide: An Ethical Analysis of Presuppositions September, ; XVI/1. In a recent issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a group of physicians, assisted by a lawyer and a philosopher, defend physician assisted suicide.(1) Realizing that physician assisted suicide is “outside standard medical practice,” and that it could lead to the abuse of vulnerable patients.
Four years after Brittany Maynard drew attention to physician-assisted death because of her terminal cancer diagnosis, the nation's largest physicians organization is again taking up the issue.