Contact Author Psychological research aims to understand human behavior and how the mind works. This involves studying non-human animals for research through observation as well as experiments. Some of the experimental procedures involve electric shocks, drug injections, food deprivation, maternal separation, and manipulating brain functions to determine the effects on sensory and cognitive abilities as well as behavior Kimmel, Non-human primates, cats, dogs, rabbits, rats and other rodents are most commonly used in psychological experiments, though animals are also used for teaching within psychology, as well as behavior therapy for treating phobias.
Contact Author Psychological research aims to understand human behavior and how the mind works. This involves studying non-human animals for research through observation as well as experiments.
Some of the experimental procedures involve electric shocks, drug injections, food deprivation, maternal separation, and manipulating brain functions to determine the effects on sensory and cognitive abilities as well as behavior Kimmel, Non-human primates, cats, dogs, rabbits, rats and other rodents are most commonly used in psychological experiments, though animals are also used for teaching within psychology, as well as behavior therapy for treating phobias.
In the past, there have been a number of psychological experiments using animals to test various hypotheses. Harlow experimented on monkeys to show effects of social isolation; Skinner worked with pigeons to study superstition, while Pavlov used dogs to investigate operant conditioning.
However, there is a lot of debate on the use of non-human animals in psychological research and many ethical issues both in favor and against it. Many people see animal testing as a cruel and inhumane practice.
They argue that all life is sacred and animals go through a lot of distress during experiments in which they involuntarily take part.
The test subjects are treated as objects rather than a living creature and are frequently abused, neglected and kept in improper cages. Moreover, psychological research is done merely out of curiosity, with no purpose, justification, or likelihood of useful results Whitford, Each year million animals are experimented on U.
Home office statistics, and the few breakthroughs that occur are often at the expense of the animals. In fact, Rollin called experimental psychology, the field most consistently guilty of mindless activity that results in great suffering.
A coalition of over protectionist groups accused psychologist of giving intense shocks to animals, mutilating their limbs, killing them through food or water deprivation and driving animals insane from total isolation Mobilization for Animals, Experiments are often carried out on animals that are not closely related to humans physically and this may produce inaccurate and over inflated results.
The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection BUAV argues that laboratory conditions may themselves undermine the results, because of the stress the environment produces on animals. Animals are good surrogates because of their similarities to humans, have shorter life and reproductive spans so that several generations can be studied in a short time, and can be bred free from disease especially for testing purposes.
Also, animal research places humans in an evolutionary context and makes possible a comparative and biological perspective on human behavior.
Psychologists realize that the brains of experimental animals are not miniature human brains but only serve as a model for it, assuming that basic principles of brain organization are common across mammalian species Canadian Council on Animal Care, Moreover, psychology is concerned with understanding and controlling psychopathology, such as depression, phobias, psychosomatic disorders, learning disabilities, obesity and addiction.
Many of these problems cannot be studied satisfactorily in human patients because of the difficulty determining causal relationship between variables, and which leaves us only with correlations. Animals thus provide an alternative by allowing a control of hereditary and experimental variables not easily possible with human beings.
Source The accusation that behavioral research on animals has not resulted in any benefit to humans is not justified either since such research has been responsible for major advances in human well being Miller, Our insight into psychological disorders, health issues, addiction and effects of stress and anxiety have been a direct result of animal testing, helping to develop new drugs and treatments for illnesses.
Animal research has helped to understand basic motivational processes like hunger, thirst, reproduction as well as vision, taste, hearing, perception and theories on the working of mind and body.
It has helped develop techniques to recover lost function in partially paralyzed limbs and treat hypertension and headaches. The principles of learning established with animals have been used to improve classroom instruction and provide advanced treatments of bed-wetting, anorexia and scoliosis of the spine Whitford, Research on early visual deprivation in animals has helped in the earlier detection and treatment of visual defects in human infants.
It is seen that only 10 percent of the studies used any electric shock, and only 3. Also, 80 percent of the studies using shock or deprivation were funded by respected organizations requiring thorough justification of all procedures, while experiments performed out of mere curiosity were not funded.
Thus, even though instances of cruelty may have occurred without being reported, no cases of abuse appeared in the major psychology journals. Ethical Guidelines For Psychological Research: These rules are enforced through inspections by federal and funding agencies and failure to abide by the guidelines constitutes a breach of the code of conduct applicable to all chartered psychologists Lea, Most countries have similar guidelines, and institutions and universities with ethics committees that evaluate all research proposals.Dangerous animal testing Vioxx, a drug used to treat arthritis, was found to be safe when tested in monkeys (and five other animal species) but has been estimated to have caused around , heart attacks and strokes and , deaths worldwide.
Public discussion about animal research is not new. Ending all use of animals in research has always been a goal of a number of passionate, organized, sometimes militant, and sometimes terrorist, animal rights groups.
Perhaps most visible among them is the People for . Attitudes Toward the Use of Animals in Psychological Research and Education Results From a National Survey of Psychologists S.
Pious Wesleyan University. Psychological research aims to understand human behavior and how the mind works. This involves studying non-human animals for research through observation as well as experiments.
Some of the experimental procedures involve electric shocks, drug injections, .
According to Psychology Today, “The study of animal behavior is a cornerstone of experimental psychology, shedding light on complex human emotions.” 1 Thus, in psychology animals are commonly used as models for the human mind and behavior, particularly for human conditions involving psychiatric disorders and neurological diseases.
Oct 14, · Should animals be used as test subjects in psychological research? October 14, francescagordon 18 Comments. I think that animal testing can be a vital part of psychology as it allows us to develop and test new ideas and theories at a faster rate, it also allows us the opportunity to have full control over the extraneous.