Haiti Table of Contents Haiti is a country of only about 28, square kilometers, about the size of the state of Maryland. Shaped like a horseshoe on its side, Haiti has two main peninsulas, one in the north and one in the south. Northwest of the northern peninsula is the Windward Passage, a strip of water that separates Haiti from Cuba, which is about ninety kilometers away. The eastern edge of the country borders the Dominican Republic.
Haiti Table of Contents Haiti is a country of only about 28, square kilometers, about the size of the state of Maryland. Shaped like a horseshoe on its side, Haiti has two main peninsulas, one in the north and one in the south. Northwest of the northern peninsula is the Windward Passage, a strip of water that separates Haiti from Cuba, which is about ninety kilometers away.
The eastern Geographical information about haiti essay of the country borders the Dominican Republic. A series of treaties and protocols--the most recent of which was the Protocol of Revision of set the kilometer eastern border, which is formed partly by the Pedernales River in the south and the Massacre River in the north.
The mainland of Haiti has three regions: In addition, Haiti controls several nearby islands. The Massif du Nord, an extension of the central mountain range in the Dominican Republic, begins at Haiti's eastern border, north of the Guayamouc River, and extends to the northwest through the northern peninsula.
The Massif du Nord ranges in elevation from to 1, meters. This lowland area of 2, square kilometers is about kilometers long and 30 kilometers wide.
The central region consists of two plains and two sets of mountain ranges. It runs eighty-five kilometers from southeast to northwest and is thirty kilometers wide.
To the southwest of the Plateau Central are the Montagnes Noires, with elevations of up to approximately meters. The most northwestern part of this mountain range merges with the Massif du Nord. Southwest of the Montagnes Noires and oriented around the Artibonite River is the Plaine de l'Artibonite, measuring about square kilometers.
The southern region consists of the Plaine du Cul-de-Sac and the mountainous southern peninsula. The Plaine du Cul-de-Sac is a natural depression, twelve kilometers wide, that extends thirtytwo kilometers from the border with the Dominican Republic to the coast of the Baie de Port-au-Prince.
The mountains of the southern peninsula, an extension of the southern mountain chain of the Dominican Republic the Sierra de Baorucoextend from the Massif de la Selle in the east to the Massif de la Hotte in the west. The range's highest peak, the Morne de la Selle, is the highest point in Haiti, rising to an altitude of 2, meters.
The Massif de la Hotte varies in elevation from 1, to 2, meters.
The hills that cross the island rise to heights of up to meters. Ile de la Tortue is located north of the northern peninsula, separated from the city of Port-de-Paix by a twelve-kilometer channel.
Numerous rivers and streams, which slow to a trickle during the dry season and which carry torrential flows during the wet season, cross Haiti's plains and mountainous areas. The largest drainage system in the country is that of the Artibonite River.
The kilometer Artibonite River is only one meter deep during the dry season, and it may even dry up completely in certain spots.
During the wet season, it is more than three meters deep and subject to flooding.Essay Haiti Geographical Information: The independent republic of Haiti consists of the western third of the island of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Caribbean. Haiti shares the island with the Dominican Republic.
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The largest lake in Haiti, and the second largest lake of Ile d'Haiti and the West Indies, is Lake Azuei. It is located in the Cul-de-Sac Depression with an area of km 2. It is a saline lake with a higher concentration of salt than the sea water and harbors numerous fauna such as American crocodiles and American flamingos.