As America concentrated on Iraq, Afghanistan, and countering violent extremism across the globe, regional powers such as China, Russia, and Iran dramatically expanded their ambitions and capabilities.
This liberal international order has been one of the most successful in history in providing security and prosperity to more people. But in the last decade, the American-led order has been troubled. Some argue that the Bush administration, with its war on terror, invasion of Iraq, and unilateral orientation, undermined this liberal order.
Others argue that we are witnessing the end of the American era. Liberal Leviathan engages these debates.
John Ikenberry argues that the crisis that besets the American-led order is a crisis of authority. A political struggle has been ignited over the distribution of roles, rights, and authority within the liberal international order.
But the deeper logic of liberal order remains alive and well. The forces that have triggered this crisis--the rise of non-Western states such as China, contested norms of sovereignty, and the deepening of economic and security interdependence--have resulted from the successful functioning and expansion of the postwar liberal order, not its breakdown.
The liberal international order has encountered crises in the past and evolved as a result. It will do so again. Ikenberry provides the most systematic statement yet about the theory and practice of the liberal international order, and a forceful message for policymakers, scholars, and general readers about why America must renegotiate its relationship with the rest of the world and pursue a more enlightened strategy--that of the liberal leviathan.IR The Myth of Post-Cold War Chaos G.
John Ikenberry 13pp. Description - Ikenberry argues that post-Cold War American foreign policies constituted a continuation of . The Liberal International Order and its Discontents G. John Ikenberry The American-led world system is troubled.
Some would argue that post-Cold War liberal international order is more durable than many ment to stability and open markets. In these ways, the United States was. "Historical Science and Cold War Scholarship," in Colin Elman and Miriam Fendius Elman, eds., Bridges and Boundaries: Historians, Political Scientists, and the Study of .
12 days ago · The departure point for this article is G. John Ikenberry’s view of the post–Cold War era as an “American-led liberal hegemonic world order,” where unrivaled U.S.
strength underwrites. On the broad theme of a post Cold War New World Order and its demise, see: Week Two: 'The Hegemon': US Foreign Policy in the Post Cold War Era the enduring power of the liberal order - G. John Ikenberry Article Online Resource Read status Add note nuclear balancing would mean stability - Kenneth N.
Waltz Article Online Resource. 1 This essay draws on G. John Ikenberry, see William Wohlforth, ‘The Stability of a Unipolar World’, International Security, 1 (Summer ), pp.
1– Liberalism and empire: logics of order in the American unipolar age G. JOHN IKENBERRY Cold War-era military power and far-ﬂung system of bases have been consolidated.