How do we get people to understand programming? Khan Academy recently launched an online environment for learning to program. Because my work was cited as an inspiration for the Khan system, I felt I should respond with two thoughts about learning: Programming is a way of thinking, not a rote skill.
This is a mirror of http: In his Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Gardner expanded the concept of intelligence to also include such areas as music, spacial relations, and interpersonal knowledge in addition to mathematical and linguistic ability.
Using biological as well as cultural research, he formulated a list of seven intelligences. This new outlook on intelligence differs greatly from the traditional view which usually recognizes only two intelligences, verbal and computational.
The seven intelligences Gardner defines are: Logical-Mathematical Intelligence-- consists of the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking.
Linguistic Intelligence-- involves having a mastery of language. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively manipulate language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically. It also allows one to use language as a means to remember information.
Spatial Intelligence-- gives one the ability to manipulate and create mental images in order to solve problems.
This intelligence is not limited to visual domains-- Gardner notes that spatial intelligence is also formed in blind children. Musical Intelligence-- encompasses the capability to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms.
Auditory functions are required for a person to develop this intelligence in relation to pitch and tone, but it is not needed for the knowledge of rhythm. This intelligence challenges the popular belief that mental and physical activity are unrelated.
These two intelligences are separate from each other. Nevertheless, because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. Although the intelligences are anatomically separated from each other, Gardner claims that the seven intelligences very rarely operate independently.
Rather, the intelligences are used concurrently and typically complement each other as individuals develop skills or solve problems.
For example, a dancer can excel in his art only if he has 1 strong musical intelligence to understand the rhythm and variations of the music, 2 interpersonal intelligence to understand how he can inspire or emotionally move his audience through his movements, as well as 3 bodily-kinesthetic intelligence to provide him with the agility and coordination to complete the movements successfully.
Basis for Intelligence Gardner argues that there is both a biological and cultural basis for the multiple intelligences. Neurobiological research indicates that learning is an outcome of the modifications in the synaptic connections between cells.
Primary elements of different types of learning are found in particular areas of the brain where corresponding transformations have occurred. Thus, various types of learning results in synaptic connections in different areas of the brain.
In addition to biology, Gardner argues that culture also plays a large role in the development of the intelligences. All societies value different types of intelligences. The cultural value placed upon the ability to perform certain tasks provides the motivation to become skilled in those areas.
Thus, while particular intelligences might be highly evolved in many people of one culture, those same intelligences might not be as developed in the individuals of another. The theory states that all seven intelligences are needed to productively function in society.
Teachers, therefore, should think of all intelligences as equally important. This is in great contrast to traditional education systems which typically place a strong emphasis on the development and use of verbal and mathematical intelligences.
Thus, the Theory of Multiple Intelligences implies that educators should recognize and teach to a broader range of talents and skills.
Another implication is that teachers should structure the presentation of material in a style which engages most or all of the intelligences. For example, when teaching about the revolutionary war, a teacher can show students battle maps, play revolutionary war songs, organize a role play of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, and have the students read a novel about life during that period.
This kind of presentation not only excites students about learning, but it also allows a teacher to reinforce the same material in a variety of ways. By activating a wide assortment of intelligences, teaching in this manner can facilitate a deeper understanding of the subject material. Everyone is born possessing the seven intelligences.
Nevertheless, all students will come into the classroom with different sets of developed intelligences. This means that each child will have his own unique set of intellectual strengths and weaknesses. These sets determine how easy or difficult it is for a student to learn information when it is presented in a particular manner.A programming system has two parts.
The programming "environment" is the part that's installed on the computer. The programming "language" is the part that's installed in the programmer's head. Published: Mon, 5 Dec In English preschools, play is an integral part of the curriculum, founded on the belief that children learn through self-initiated free play in an exploratory environment (Hurst, ; cited in Curtis, ).
Students bring varied talents into the classroom and teachers can build tasks into each lesson that allow students to interact with content in ways that fit their learning styles . Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles.
Now supports 7th edition of MLA. Using technology tools to engage students with multiple learning styles in a constructivist learning environment.
Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 7(2), Fleming, N., and Baume, D. ().
Reading. A client can expect to leave the program with tools which allow for continued improvement in reading fluency and comprehension, control of mis-perceptions experienced during reading, increased ability to achieve and maintain focus and increased self-confidence. A programming system has two parts. The programming "environment" is the part that's installed on the computer. The programming "language" is the part that's installed in the programmer's head. Students learn in many ways, like seeing, hearing, and experiencing things first hand. But for most students, one of these methods stands out. A simple explanation of learning styles is this: some students remember best materials they've seen, some remember things they've heard, while others.
Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences Essay - Different learning styles are used by different people, with different levels of intelligence and ability. The different learning styles are visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.
There are many others depending on who you ask, but those are the basic ones.