Instead of having a centralized form of government, most nation nation-state now somehow adopts the idea of shifting some of the national or central powers to the local government units. This shifting of powers is called Decentralization.
Philippine System of Government and Politics The Republic of the Philippines is a constitutional democracy, with the President as head of state. The president and vice president are elected by the people for six-year terms. The national government has three coequal branches that exercise a system of checks and balances: The executive branch consists of the President and his Cabinet.
The Senate and the House of Representatives make up the bicameral legislature. The Supreme Court heads the systems of courts under the judicial branch.
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Congress consists of a member Senate and a member House of Representatives. The voters of the entire nation elect senators to six-year terms. Voters from different districts elect of the representatives to three-year terms. The remaining 50 representatives are selected from lists drawn up by the political parties to ensure representation of women, ethnic minorities, and certain economic and occupational groups.
The number selected from each party's list is about one-fourth of the number of the party's elected representatives. All Philippine citizens who are at least 18 years old may vote.
The Philippine Constitution is the fundamental basis of the laws of the land.
The country has had several Constitutions, but the current one was adopted through a nationwide plebiscite in It is supported by other laws, such as the Civil Code, the Labor Code, the Omnibus Investments Code, and the National Internal Revenue Code, as well as by rules and regulations passed by government bodies.
The latter include rulings, letters of instruction, circulars, memoranda, administrative orders, judicial orders, and pronouncements, as well as laws adopted by local government within the scope of the Constitution. Early Filipinos System of Government The society during our ancestors' period had two kinds of government: A datu or raja was the leader of a barangay.
He could make laws and implemented them so that peace and order would prevail in their community. The members of his community helped and participated in the realization of the projects in the barangay. There were two kinds of barangay laws: The Sultanate Government was formed because of the presence of the Islam Religion in the Philippines.
This was headed by a sultan.
Aside from maintaining peace and order, it was the sultan's responsibility to let the Islam religion and Muslim tradition remain in the lives of his constituents. The laws of the sultanate government did not change because it was based on the Koran which is the Muslim Bible and the Sunnah which are Mohammed's traditions.
This is the first law ever written which focuses on the penalty for those who are lazy. The code of Kalantiaw is another law written by Datu Kalantiaw in This code speaks of death penalty, exposure to ant bites for those who have been proen to be murderers, theives abd those who marry women who are under age and those who would rebel against elders.
Islam Influence on the Political System Islam has a great influence on the political system of the natives in the Southern Philippines.
The sultan of the Muslim community is still the sultan of Muslim provinces.[PDF]Free Government Accounting And Auditing Manual Philippines Volume 1 download Book Government Accounting And Auditing Manual Governance structures and principles identify the DOWNLOAD**GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING MANUAL PHILIPPINES.
PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT AND CONSTITUTION Course Guide A: Course Overview: This course presents basic concepts, principles, processes, rights and institutions necessary for the understanding of the framework of the Philippine Government and the fundamental charter from 5/5(14).
OECD: Principles of the Islamic principles on corporate governance. PHILIPPINE POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE (CORE) Introduction (Drop down) To differentiate the forms of government To explain the factors that create, Forms of maintain, and destroy each form of.
Philippines “adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land”. Incorporation clause is applied when there is a conflict between the international law and local/municipal.
State and Local Government Accounting Principles Chapter 2. Learning Objectives Discuss major aspects of government financial reporting model State and Local Government Accounting Principles. Governance structures and principles identify the distribution of rights and responsibilities among is an attempt by the federal government in the United States to legislate several of the principles recommended in the Cadbury and OECD reports.
Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, and the Philippines through the exit of foreign.