Site includes VerbsIdiomsParagraph Writingand more.
Directly Quoting Summarizing Paraphrase "Which option you should choose depends on how much of a source you are using, how you are using it, and what kind of paper you are writing, since different fields use sources in different ways. When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize a Source.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. If summarizing or paraphrasing cannot capture the essence or meaning of the text To retain a specific or unique phrasing used by the source's author If you are analyzing the text itself often in English or language classes BE ADVISED: Most of the time when you cite a source, you want to summarize or paraphrase.
Direct quotations should be used sparingly when the situation meets the criteria above. When you do use direct quotations: Do not take the quote out of context. The author's meaning should not change. Be sure to integrate multiple sources within your text.
You don't want to have a paper or a passage that seems to have come only from one source, with little original text from you. Use transitions to make sure your quote adds to your paper without interrupting its flow.
Place quotation marks around the entire word-for-word passage, whether it's a phrase or a sentence. Attribute with an in-text citation; most citation styles request that you provide a page or paragraph number when directly citing.
If your quotation is longer, check with your citation style guide to see if additional formatting is necessary block quotations, for example. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.
Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing "Similar to paraphrasing, summarizing involves using your own words and writing style to express another author's ideas. Unlike the paraphrase, which presents important details, the summary presents only the most important ideas of the passage.
You should not be using any word-for-word quotations or language unique to the source, so you do NOT need quotation marks around your summary.Source citations in the Turabian manual come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography (or simply notes) and (2) author-date.
These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style.. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the .
MLA (Modern Language Association) style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature. MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work.
The Purdue Online Writing Lab Welcome to the Purdue OWL. We offer free resources including Writing and Teaching Writing, Research, Grammar and Mechanics, Style Guides, ESL (English as a Second Language), and Job Search and Professional Writing. The Chicago Style Manual is a style guide that has been in print since and, though it doesn’t have any official status, it is in fact the guide that is used by the majority of scholars as the manual of the American English grammar, punctuation and style..
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, more commonly known as the Turabian Style. Bibliography. The bibliography, placed at the end of your paper, is an alphabetized list of books, articles, and other sources used in writing the paper.
YOU SHOULD CITE WHEN: Referring to a source and stating someone else's opinions, thoughts, ideas, or research; Using an image or media file that you did not create.