While the focus of the project is the creation of a research paper, the step-by-step instruction for completing the report focuses entirely on the writing process. Mini-lesson 1 helps students learn how to choose the best resources for their research. Min-lesson 2 teaches students how to name their sources at the end of their paper.
A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question problemliterature review, analysis, methodology for original research, results, conclusion, and references.
Students examine informational text, use an inquiry-based approach, and practice genre-specific strategies for expository writing.
Depending on the goals of the assignment, students may work collaboratively or as individuals. A student-written paper about color psychology provides an authentic model of a scaffold and the corresponding finished paper. The research paper scaffold is designed to be completed during seven or eight sessions over the course of four to six weeks.
This handout guides students in researching and organizing the information they need for writing their research paper. Inquiry on the Internet: Evaluating Web Pages for a Class Collection: Students use Internet search engines and Web analysis checklists to evaluate online resources then write annotations that explain how and why the resources will be valuable to the class.
Plot scaffolds for beginning and intermediate writers. Research paper scaffolding provides a temporary linguistic tool to assist students as they organize their expository writing. Scaffolding assists students in moving to levels of language performance they might be unable to obtain without this support.
An instructional scaffold essentially changes the role of the teacher from that of giver of knowledge to leader in inquiry.
This relationship encourages creative intelligence on the part of both teacher and student, which in turn may broaden the notion of literacy so as to include more learning styles. An instructional scaffold is useful for expository writing because of its basis in problem solving, ownership, appropriateness, support, collaboration, and internalization.
It allows students to start where they are comfortable, and provides a genre-based structure for organizing creative ideas. Reading next-A vision for action and research in middle and high school literacy: A report from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Alliance for Excellent Education.
In order for students to take ownership of knowledge, they must learn to rework raw information, use details and facts, and write. Teaching writing should involve direct, explicit comprehension instruction, effective instructional principles embedded in content, motivation and self-directed learning, and text-based collaborative learning to improve middle school and high school literacy.
Expository writing, because its organizational structure is rooted in classical rhetoric, needs to be taught.The following links provide examples of remodeled lessons found in The Critical Thinking Handbook: 4th - 6th Grades.. The basic idea behind lesson plan remodeling as a strategy for staff development in critical thinking is simple.
50 Ideas, Tricks, and Tips for Teaching 7th Grade. Brilliant ideas from brilliant teachers (like you). Seventh graders are developing the research skills they’ll use in high school and beyond.
Get more tips for teaching 7th grade math from Crafty Math Ed. Educating Everybody's Children: Diverse Teaching Strategies for Diverse Learners, Revised and Expanded 2nd Edition. Edited by Robert W. Cole.
Table of Contents. Free article critique papers, essays, and research papers. The research helps my 6th graders understand the role of women in medieval society and the feudal system, both of which create conflicts for the protagonist, a young girl being forced to marry a man three times her age because he is of her social class and offers the largest dowry.
A research paper scaffold provides students with clear support for writing expository papers that include a question (problem), literature review, analysis, methodology for .