Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively throughout the text, and if there are a good number of them, then separate lists of tables and figures at the beginning of the paper may be expected.
Ascenders as in "h" and descenders as in "p" make the height of lower-case letters vary. There is more variation in the height of the minuscules, as some of them have parts higher ascenders or lower descenders than the typical size.
In addition, with old-style numerals still used by some traditional or classical fonts, 6 and 8 make up the ascender set, and 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 the descender set.
Bicameral script[ edit ] This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.
April Handwritten Cyrillic script. Writing systems using two separate cases are bicameral scripts. Other bicameral scripts, which are not used for any modern languages, are Old HungarianGlagoliticand Deseret.
The Georgian alphabet has several variants, and there were attempts to use them as different cases, but the modern written Georgian language does not distinguish case. Many other writing systems make no distinction between majuscules and minuscules — a system called unicameral script or unicase.
This includes most syllabic and other non-alphabetic scripts. In scripts with a case distinction, lower case is generally used for the majority of text; capitals are used for capitalisation and emphasis.
Acronyms and particularly initialisms are often written in all-capsdepending on various factors. Capitalization Capitalisation is the writing of a word with its first letter in uppercase and the remaining letters in lowercase.
Capitalisation rules vary by language and are often quite complex, but in most modern languages that have capitalisation, the first word of every sentence is capitalised, as are all proper nouns.
Capital letters are used as the first letter of a sentence, a proper noun, or a proper adjective. The names of the days of the week and the names of the months are also capitalised, as are the first-person pronoun "I"  and the interjection "O" although the latter is uncommon in modern usage, with "oh" being preferred.
There are a few pairs of words of different meanings whose only difference is capitalisation of the first letter. Honorifics and personal titles showing rank or prestige are capitalised when used together with the name of the person for example, "Mr. Other words normally start with a lower-case letter.
There are, however, situations where further capitalisation may be used to give added emphasis, for example in headings and publication titles see below. In some traditional forms of poetry, capitalisation has conventionally been used as a marker to indicate the beginning of a line of verse independent of any grammatical feature.
Other languages vary in their use of capitals. For example, in German all nouns are capitalised this was previously common in English as well, mainly in the 17th and 18th centurieswhile in Romance and most other European languages the names of the days of the week, the names of the months, and adjectives of nationality, religion and so on normally begin with a lower-case letter.
Informal communication, such as textinginstant messaging or a handwritten sticky notemay not bother to follow the conventions concerning capitalisation, but that is because its users usually do not expect it to be formal.
In a similar manner, the Latin upper-case letter " S " used to have two different lower-case forms: The latter form, called the long sfell out of general use before the middle of the 19th century, except for the countries that continued to use Blackletter typefaces such as Fraktur.
When Blackletter type fell out of general use in the midth century, even those countries dropped the long s. Typographical conventions in mathematical formulae include the use of Greek letters and the use of Latin letters with special formatting such as blackboard bold and blackletter.
Letters of the Arabic alphabet and some jamo of the Korean hangul have different forms for initial or final placement, but these rules are strict and the different forms cannot be used for emphasis.
In Georgiansome authors use isolated letters from the ancient Asomtavruli alphabet within a text otherwise written in the modern Mkhedruli in a fashion that is reminiscent of the usage of upper-case letters in the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic alphabets.
In particular, every hiragana character has an equivalent katakana character, and vice versa.Writing term papers with headings organizes a paper that needs to discuss complex and detailed topics, or more than one topic in general.
Headings are used to organize the paper into specific sections when presenting detailed information.
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SCOPE AND EDITORIAL POLICY. Material published in Geophysics should show relevance of a geophysical method to hydrocarbon, mining, geothermal, groundwater, environmental, or engineering applications. A predominantly mathematical paper should be illustrated by a data example.
Case histories, tutorials, and interpretation papers . The first heading for a section is considered a Level 1, and all subsequent headings of equal importance will also be classified as Level 1.
Subsections carry the remaining heading levels, but not every section of a paper will have subsections. Unless at least two subsections are warranted, it is.
SAE International Technical Paper Style Guide Version: October, Introduction The purpose of this Style Guide is to facilitate the .