Some of the major advantages of division of labour are as follows: Increase in Productivity 2.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Division of Labor What is division of labor? And what are the advantages and disadvantages of division of labor? Division of labor can be defined simply as the splitting or separation of a particular work process into various processes such that each process is undertaken by a different worker or different group of workers.
Division of labor sees each worker or group of workers producing a specific part of the product being produced instead of the whole product. Many experts in Economics will tell you that division of labor is more advantageous than the situation where a single worker does the entire production process of a product all by himself.
An example of division of labor is the production process in a biscuit factory. In the production of biscuit in a factory, it is obvious that there will be different processes involved before the complete biscuit can be produced.
It is also obvious that all the workers are not going to be doing the same thing. The production process will therefore be divided into a number of processes, and each process taken care of by a particular worker or group of workers. So we are going to see something like this in the production of biscuit: A particular group of workers or a particular worker will mix the flour and ingredients for the biscuit Another group or person will be responsible for baking the biscuits A third group or person will be responsible for packaging the biscuit.
The above is a good example of division of labor. Another very simple example of division of labor is the scenario below: After a huge party, there are a lot of dirty dishes to wash.
Instead of letting just one person to wash all the dirty dishes and dry them, the work is going to be divided into a number of processes. So we are going to have someone wash the dishes only. This is what division of labor is all about. Just like every other thing, division of labor has its merits advantages and demerits disadvantages.
Let us take a look at them now. What are the advantages of division of labor? Division of labor enables the workers to acquire more skills in the job that they are given. There is an old adage which says that practice makes a person perfect.
The more one does a particular job, the more perfect he or she becomes in doing that particular job. By repeatedly doing the same work process, you are going to increase you dexterity on that particular job. The more you keep doing that same work, the better you are going to be at it.
The more you do a particular job, the higher your skills and expertise in that job becomes. It basically becomes part and parcel of you. Division of labor allows for increased output per worker.
This is considered one of the biggest advantages of division of labor. Overall, division of labor leads to an increase in the production level of a factory, firm, company, organization, etc. A factory that does not practice division of labor is not going to be as productive as a factory that practices division of labor.
Saves a great deal of time. Division of labor saves a lot of time both in training the workers and in production. It saves a lot of time in training the worker in the sense that it is much quicker and easier to train a person in one process of a thing instead of numerous processes.
This is why as far as training is concerned, division of labor helps in saving a great deal of time. Also, division of labor saves a lot of time during the production process. In the absence of division of labor, a lot of time ends up getting wasted because the worker would have to move from one place to another or look for different tools in order to perform several different tasks.
With the presence of division of labor a great deal of time is saved since the worker would not have to frequently change his position and tools while working. Products of high quality are produced with division of labor. The reason this is possible is simply because when each worker does a particular part of the production process, he or she ends up doing it very well.ADVERTISEMENTS: Let us make an in-depth study of the Division of Labour in Economics: 1.
Meaning of Division of Labour 2. Definition of Division of Labour 3. Essential Conditions 4. Different Forms 5. Advantages 6. Disadvantages 7. Remedies and Mitigation. Meaning of Division of Labour: Division of Labour means that the .
Another great advantage is that the work under division of labour is allotted according to the ability and capacity of the individual worker.
This ensures a high degree of efficiency as the right man is put in the right job. What are the advantages of division of labor? Division of labor enables the workers to acquire more skills in the job that they are given.
There is an old adage which says that practice makes a person perfect.
(ii) When the work is divided into a number of processes in such a way that each worker does one process only, it is called complex division of labour.
Some advantages of the division of labor include increased worker efficiency and lower production costs, while some disadvantages include decreases in employee motivation and individual workers slowing the production process.
The concept of the division of labor was first put forward by Adam Smith. What Are the Advantages & Disadvantages of Division of Labor? by Lindsay Kramer - Updated June 28, If you’re familiar with the term “divide and conquer,” you’re familiar with the concept of division of labor.