It persisted as the dominant approach in Western moral philosophy until at least the Enlightenment, suffered a momentary eclipse during the nineteenth century, but re-emerged in Anglo-American philosophy in the late s. Neither of them, at that time, paid attention to a number of topics that had always figured in the virtue ethics tradition—virtues and vices, motives and moral character, moral education, moral wisdom or discernment, friendship and family relationships, a deep concept of happiness, the role of the emotions in our moral life and the fundamentally important questions of what sorts of persons we should be and how we should live. Its re-emergence had an invigorating effect on the other two approaches, many of whose proponents then began to address these topics in the terms of their favoured theory. It has also generated virtue ethical readings of philosophers other than Plato and Aristotle, such as Martineau, Hume and Nietzsche, and thereby different forms of virtue ethics have developed Slote ; Swantona.
Character-based ethics A right act is the action a virtuous person would do in the same circumstances. Virtue ethics is person rather than action based: Virtue ethics not only deals with the rightness or wrongness of individual actions, it provides guidance as to the sort of characteristics and behaviours a good person will seek to achieve.
A good person is someone who lives virtuously - who possesses and lives the virtues. This suggests that the way to build a good society is to help its members to be good people, rather than to use laws and punishments to prevent or deter bad actions.
For virtue theory to be really useful it needs to suggest only a minimum set of characteristics that a person needs to possess in order to be regarded as virtuous. Rather, it means having a fundamental set of related virtues that enable a person to live and act morally well.
An action is only right if it is an action that a virtuous person would carry out in the same circumstances. A virtuous person is a person who acts virtuously A person acts virtuously if they "possess and live the virtues" A virtue is a moral characteristic that a person needs to live well.
Most virtue theorists would also insist that the virtuous person is one who acts in a virtuous way as the result of rational thought rather than, say, instinct. The three questions The modern philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre proposed three questions as being at the heart of moral thinking: Who ought I to become?
How ought I to get there? Lists of the virtues What would a virtuous person do? This poses a problem, since lists of virtues from different times in history and different societies show significant differences. The traditional list of cardinal virtues was:Virtue ethics can be contrasted to deontological ethics and consequentialist ethics by an examination of the other two (the three being together the most predominant contemporary normative ethical theories).
· A central feature of virtue ethics is its concept of professional development as fundamentally a moral process; "one cannot be practically rational without being just - or indeed without the other central virtues" (MacIntyre, , p.
)attheheels.com?article=&. Although virtue ethics is the theory that specifically emphasizes virtue, more broadly all these normative theories of ethics can be understood in terms of virtue and vice (furthermore, all these theories were essentially touched on by greats like Aristotle so with that in mind, lets start by discussing the Virtue Theory of the Greeks).
· Ethical theories can be divided into three categories: virtue ethics, ethics for the greater good, and universal ethics. True False.
Reliable ethics is a concept of living your life according to the achievement of a clear ideal. Chapter 1 Quiz An ethical dilemma can be resolved in the sense that a resolution of the problem attheheels.com /attheheels.com · anthony, kyle brandon, "aristotle and the importance of virtue in the context of the politics and THE NICOMACHEAN ETHICS AND ITS RELATION TO TODAY" ().
Honors attheheels.com?article=&. Aristotle distinguishes two kinds of virtue (a1–10): those that pertain to the part of the soul that engages in reasoning (virtues of mind or intellect), and those that pertain to the part of the soul that cannot itself reason but is nonetheless capable of following reason (ethical virtues, virtues of character).